The possibility of using wind energy in the production of electricity in the northern border area of Saudi Arabia study in the applied climate

Abstract

This paper presents a model for the possibility of the use of wind energy in the production of electrical energy the northern border region of Saudi Arabia by the wind energy density calculated depending on the surface wind speed and direction recorded during the period 1985- 2015 m stations climate of Rafha and Arar, Tarif. The selection of these stations being located to the northern border area characterized by repeated high-speed winds are high. Therefore, the study relied on the wind speed in the quarterly rates of density of wind power Wind Speed account Density (WDP) to each station. The annual rates for wind power density of 34.61 W/m2 plant Arar and 40.03 W/m2 station Rafha and 48.80 W/m2 plant ranged Tarif. Test results contrast model check-box Kai Chi Square Test have shown that wind power density affected Pityaan wind speed of the separation to another within the same station and from station to station more than one affected Pityaan repeat the wind, which was characterized by a kind of

harmony through the various seasons of the year. We have marked the spring of the highest rates of wind speed (4.2m/ pagan station Arar and 4.3m/sec station Rafha and 4.6 m /sec station Tarif) and the greatest density of wind power (47.99 W/m2 plant Arar and 54.67 W/m2 station Rafha and 63.56 W/m2 plant Tarif). This is sufficient densities of household and agricultural uses of alternative to traditional energy sources in the study area. As it turns out that the eastern, western and north-western, northern and western winds northwesterly winds are characterized by the highest levels of wind speed, which helps in the selection of the most suitable sites for the design of the production of electrical power plants.